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Norse Alliterative Poetry Workshop

List of names of Odin, from Wikipedia

Odin (Old Norse Óđinn), the chief god of Norse mythology, was referred to by more than 200 names[1] in the skaldic and Eddic traditions.

Then said Gangleri: "Exceeding many names have ye given him; and, by my faith, it must indeed be a goodly wit that knows all the lore and the examples of what chances have brought about each of these names." Then Hárr made answer: "It is truly a vast sum of knowledge to gather together and set forth fittingly. But it is briefest to tell thee that most of his names have been given him by reason of this chance: there being so many branches of tongues in the world, all peoples believed that it was needful for them to turn his name into their own tongue, by which they might the better invoke him and entreat him on their own behalf. But some occasions for these names arose in his wanderings; and that matter is recorded in tales. Nor canst thou ever be called a wise man if thou shalt not be able to tell of those great events." Gylfaginning, XX, Brodeur's translation

Name
(Old Norse)↓
Name
(anglicized)↓
Meaning[2]↓ Sources↓
Aldaföđr   father of men (or of the age/world) Óđins nöfn (1), Vafţrúđnismál (4, 53)
Aldagautr   Gautr of men (or of the age/world) Baldrs draumar (2)
Alföđr Alfodr Allfather, Father of All Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (48), Óđins nöfn (2)
Algingautr   The aged Gautr The Icelandic rune poem (4)
Angan Friggjar   Delight of Frigg Völuspá (54)
Arnhöfđi   Eagle Head Óđins nöfn (2)
Atriđr, Atriđi   attacking rider, 'At-Rider' Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), Óđins nöfn (1)
Asagrim (< *Ásagrimmr)[3]   Lord of the Aesir Stolt Herr Alf
Auđun   friend of wealth (Edwin, Audoin) Óđins nöfn (1)
Bági ulfs   Enemy of the Wolf Sonatorrek (23)
Baldrsfađr   Balder's Father  
Báleygr Baleyg Flaming Eye Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (47), Hallfređr vandrćđaskáld's Hákonardrápa (6), Gísl Illugason's Erfikvćđi um Magnús berfœtt (1), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (6), Grettisrímur V (61)
Biflindi / Spear Shaker, Shield Shaker Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óđins nöfn (6)
Bileygr Bileyg Flashing Eye or Wavering Eye Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (5)
Blindi, Blindr / Blind Gylfaginning, Helgakviđa Hundingsbana II (prose)
Brúni, Brúnn   Brown, Bear Óđins nöfn (6)
Böđgćđir   Battle Enhancer  
Bölverkr   'Bale-Worker' or Evil Worker or Evil Deed Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Hávamál (109), Grímnismál (47), Óđins nöfn (7)
Bragi   Chieftain  
Bróđir Vilis, Bróđir Vilja   Vili's Brother  
Burr Bors   Borr's Son  
Byrlindi   Distorted version of Biflindi[4] Sturlaugsrímur III (50)
Darrađr, Dorruđr   Spearman  
Draugadróttinn   Lord of the undead Ynglinga saga
Dresvarpr     Óđins nöfn (2)
Ein sköpuđr galdra   Sole Creator of Magical Songs  
Ennibrattr   High (lit., 'straight') forehead Óđins nöfn (6)
Eylúđr   The ever booming Óđins nöfn (6)
Fađmbyggvir Friggjar   Dweller in Frigg's Embrace  
Fađr galdrs   Father of Magical Songs  
Farmagnuđr, Farmögnuđr   journey empowerer Háleygjatal (2), Skáldskaparmál
Farmaguđ, Farmatýr Farmagud, Farmatyr God of Cargoes (or Burdens) Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (48), Óđins nöfn (2)
Farmr arma Gunnlađar   Burden of Gunnlöđ's Arms  
Farmr galga   Gallows' Burden  
Fengr   Fetcher or Catcher Óđins nöfn (2)
Fimbultýr Fimbultyr Mighty God Völuspá (60)
Fimbulţulr[5] Fimbulthul Mighty Thuler Hávamál (80, 142)
Fjallgeiguđr   Shape god Óđins nöfn (2)
Fjölnir[6] Fjolnir Wise One, concealer Grímnismál (47), Reginsmál (18), Gylfaginning (3, 20), many skaldic poems, ţulur, Óđins nöfn (2), Skíđaríma (91, 174)
Fjölsviđr Fjolsvid, Fjolsvin Very Wise Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óđins nöfn (2)
Fjörgynn Fjorgyn Masculine counterpart of feminine Fjörgyn meaning "land/earth" Lokasenna (26), Völuspá (56)
Foldardróttinn   Lord of the Earth  
Forni   Ancient One  
Fornölvir   Ancient Ölvir Óđins nöfn (2)
Fráríđr, Fráríđi   The one who rides forth Óđins nöfn (2), Grettisrímur III (1), Sturlaugsrímur VI (47)
Frumverr Friggjar   First husband of Frigg  
Fundinn   The Found Óláfsrímur Tryggvasonar A III (1)
Gagnráđr Gagnrad Advantage Counsel Vafţrúđnismál (8, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17)
Galdraföđr   Father of Magical Songs  
Gangari, Ganglari, Gangleri [7] / Wanderer or Wayweary Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óđins nöfn (3)
Gangráđr   'Gain Rede,' Contrary advisor, Journey Advisor Óđins nöfn (3)
Gapţrosnir   The one in gaping frenzy Óđins nöfn (3)
Gautatýr Gautatyr God of the Geats Skáldskaparmál, Eyvindr skáldaspillir's Hákonarmál (1)
Gautr[8] Gaut Gautr Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (54), Óđins nöfn (1), Friđţjófsrímur, Skíđaríma, Landrésrímur, Hjálmţérsrímur, Geiplur, Bjarkarímur, Griplur, Ţrćndlur, Skáldhelgarímur, Blávusrímur, Geirarđsrímur, Völsungsrímur
Geiguđr   Dangler Óđins nöfn (3)
Geirlöđnir   Spear inviter Óđins nöfn (3)
Geirölnir   Spear charger Óđins nöfn (5)
Geirtýr   Gore/Spear God  
Geirvaldr   Gore/Spear Master  
Geldnir      
Ginnarr   Deceiver Óđins nöfn (1)
Gizurr[9]   Riddler Óđins nöfn (1)
Gestumblindi / Blind Guest Hervarar saga (10), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (7)
Glapsviđr Glapsvid, Glapsvin Swift in Deceit, Maddener, Wise in magical spells Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óđins nöfn (3)
Gođi hrafnblóts   Gođi of the Raven-offering  
Gođjađarr   God Protector  
Göllnir   Yeller Óđins nöfn (3)
Gollorr   Yeller Óđins nöfn (1)
Göllungr   Yeller Óđins nöfn (5)
Göndlir [10] Gondlir Wand-Bearer, Wand-Wielder Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óđins nöfn (3)
Gramr Hliđskjálfar   King of Hliđskjalf  
Grímnir Grimnir Hooded, Masked One Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (introduction, 47, 49), Hallfređr vandrćđaskáld's lausavísur (9), Eilífr Gođrúnarson's Ţórsdrápa (3), Húsdrápa (1), Rögnvaldr kali Kolsson's lausavísur (7), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (1)
Grímr Grim Mask Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46, 47), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (3, 7)
Gunnblindi   Battle blinder Óđins nöfn (8)
Hagvirkr   Skilful worker Óđins nöfn (4)
Hangadróttinn   Lord of the hanged Ynglinga saga
Hangaguđ, Hangatýr Hangagud, Hangatyr God of the Hanged Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál
Hangi   Hanged One  
Haptabeiđir   Commander of Leaders  
Haptaguđ Haptagud God of Prisoners Gylfaginning
Haptasnytrir   Teacher of gods  
Haptsönir   Fetter Loosener  
Hárbarđr Harbard Hoary Beard, Grey Beard Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Hárbardsljód, ţulur, Óđins nöfn (3)
Hárr Har High Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óđins nöfn (2)
Harri Hliđskjálfar   Lord of Hliđskjalf  
Hávi Havi High One Hávamál (109, 111, 164), Óđins nöfn (4)
Heimţinguđr hanga   Visitor of the Hanged  
Helblindi [11] / Hel Blinder Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46)
Hengikeptr, Hengikjopt   Hang jaw Óđins nöfn (4)
Herblindi   Host blinder Óđins nöfn (5)
Herföđr, Herjaföđr Herfodr, Herjafodr Father of Hosts Gylfaginning, Völuspá (29, 43), Vafthrúdnismál (2), Grímnismál (19, 25, 26), Óđins nöfn (5)
Hergautr   Host Gautr  
Herjan / Warrior, Harrier, Lord Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óđins nöfn (2)
Herteitr Herteit War-merry Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óđins nöfn (3)
Hertýr Hertyr Host-Tyr or God of Hosts Skáldskaparmál
Hildolfr   Battle Wolf  
Hjaldrgegnir   Engager of Battle  
Hjaldrgođ   God of battle  
Hjálmberi Hjalmberi Helmet Bearer Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (2)
Hjarrandi   Screamer Óđins nöfn (4)
Hléfreyr   Famous/barrow lord Óđins nöfn (5)
Hleifruđr     Óđins nöfn (4)
Hnikarr Hnikar Overthrower, Thruster Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Reginsmál (18, 19), Óđins nöfn (2)
Hnikuđr Hnikud Overthrower Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), Óđins nöfn (1)
Hoárr   One Eyed  
Hötter   Hatter  
Hovi   High One  
Hrafnaguđ, Hrafnáss Hrafnagud Raven God Gylfaginning
Hrafnfreistuđr   Raven tester  
Hrami   Fetterer, Ripper Óđins nöfn (4)
Hrani   Blusterer  
Hrjóđr   Roarer Óđins nöfn (4)
Hroptr, Hroptatýr Hropt, Hroptatyr Sage[12] Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Hákonarmál (14), Úlfr Uggason's Húsdrápa (8), Hávamál (160), Grímnismál (54), Sigrdrífumál (13), Óđins nöfn (2, 3, 5)
Hrosshársgrani   Horse hair moustache Gautreks saga, Óđins nöfn (4)
Hvatmóđr   Courage of the whet-stone Óđins nöfn (5)
Hveđrungr   Roarer or Weather-maker Óđins nöfn (5)
Itreker   Splendid Ruler  
Jafnhárr Jafnhar 'Evenhigh,' Just as High, Equally High Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óđins nöfn (8)
Jalfađr   Yellow-brown Back  
Jálg, Jálkr Jalk Gelding or Gelder Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49, 54), Óđins nöfn (7)
Jarngrímr   Iron Mask  
Jólnir, Jölnir   Yule figure Óđins nöfn (7)
Jolfr   Horse-wolf, bear  
Jölfuđr, Jölföđr   Yule father Óđins nöfn (8)
Jörmunr   The mighty one, cosmic Óđins nöfn (8)
Kjalarr Kjalar Keel, Nourisher Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (49), Óđins nöfn (1)
Langbarđr Langbard Long Beard ţulur, Óđins nöfn (7)
Löndungr, Lođungr   Shaggy Cloak Wearer Óđins nöfn (7)
Niđr Bors   Borr's Kin  
Njótr   User, enjoyer or needed one Óđins nöfn (6)
Ófnir   Inciter Óđins nöfn (7)
Olgr   Protector, Hawk Óđins nöfn (6)
Ómi Omi Resounding one Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óđins nöfn (7)
Óski Oski God of Wishes, Wished For Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óđins nöfn (8)
Rauđgrani   Red Mustache Bárđar saga Snćfellsáss 18,[13] O˛rvar-Odds saga 19ff.[14]
Reiđartýr   Wagon God or God of riders  
Rögnir   Chief ('He that reigns') Óđins nöfn (5)
Rúnatýr   God of Runes  
Runni vagna   Mover of Constellations  
Sađr Sadr, Sann Truthful, Sooth Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óđins nöfn (8)
Sanngetall / Finder of Truth/Sooth Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óđins nöfn (7)
Síđgrani Sidgrani Long Beard Alvíssmál (6)
Síđhöttr Sidhott [15] Broad Hat Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (4)
Síđskeggr Sidskegg Long Beard Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (48), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (6)
Sigđir   Victory giver Óđins nöfn (6)
Sigföđr Sigfodr Father of Victory, War Father Gylfaginning, Völuspá (54), Grímnismál (48), Óđins nöfn (4)
Siggautr   Victory Geat Óđins nöfn (6)
Sigrhofundr   Victory Author  
Sigmundr   Victory protection Óđins nöfn (6)
Sigrúnnr   Victory Tree  
Sigtryggr   Sure of victory (Victory-true) Óđins nöfn (8)
Sigtýr[16] Sigtyr God of Victory, War God Skáldskaparmál, Atlakviđa (30), Glúmr Geirason's Gráfeldardrápa (12)
Sigţrór   Successful in victory, Thriving in victory Óđins nöfn (8)
Skilfingr Skilfing Trembler or he of Hlidshilf Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (54), Óđins nöfn (8)
Skollvaldr   Ruler of treachery Óđins nöfn (6)
Sonr Bestlu   Son of Bestla  
Spjalli Gauta   Friend of the Goths  
Sváfnir [17] Svafnir Sleep bringer, Closer Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (54), Óđins nöfn (4)
Sveigđir   Reed Bringer  
Sviđarr Svidar   Gylfaginning
Sviđrir Svidrir Calmer Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (50), Óđins nöfn (6)
Sviđuđr     Óđins nöfn (4)
Sviđurr Svidur Wise One Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (50), Óđins nöfn (6)
Svipall / Changing, Fleeting (or shape-shifter) Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (47), Óđins nöfn (3)
Svölnir Svolnir Cooler Skáldskaparmál, Óđins nöfn (6)
Tveggi   Double Óđins nöfn (8)
Tvíblindi Tviblindi Twice Blind ţulur, Óđins nöfn (4)
Ţekkr Thekk Known, Welcome One Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óđins nöfn (7)
Ţrasarr   Quarreler Óđins nöfn (4)
Ţriđi Thridi Third Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (46), Óđins nöfn (5)
Ţriggi   Triple  
Ţrór Thror Burgeoning, Thriving Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óđins nöfn (8)
Ţróttr Thrott Strength Glymdrápa (2)
Ţuđr Thud, Thunn Lean, Pale Gylfaginning, Óđins nöfn (7)
Ţundr Thund Thunderer Gylfaginning, Hávamál (145), Grímnismál (46, 54), Óđins nöfn (7)
Uđr Ud, Unn[18] Loved, Beloved, Striver Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (46), Óđins nöfn (7)
Váfuđr Vafud Wanderer Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Grímnismál (54)
Váfuđr Gungnis   Swinger of Gungnir  
Váđi vitnis   Foe of the Wolf  
Vakr Vak Wakeful, Awakener Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (54), Óđins nöfn (7)
Valdr galga   Ruler of Gallows  
Valdr vagnbrautar   Ruler of Heaven  
Valföđr Valfodr Father of the Slain Gylfaginning, Völuspá (1, 27, 28), Grímnismál (48), ţulur, Óđins nöfn (5)
Valgautr Valgaut Slaughter-Geat, Geat of the Slain Skáldskaparmál, Óđins nöfn (8)
Valkjosandi   Chooser of the Slain  
Valtamr, Valtam   Slain Tame, The Warrior  
Valtýr   Slain God  
Valţognir   Slain Receiver  
Vegtam / Wanderer or Way-tame Baldrs draumar (6, 13)
Veratýr Veratyr God of men, God of being Gylfaginning, Óđins nöfn (8)
Viđfräger   Wide Famed  
Viđrir Vidrir Stormer Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Lokasenna (26)
Viđrímnir, Viđhrimnir   Contrary screamer or 'wide hoary-beard' Óđins nöfn (1)
Viđurr Vidur Killer Gylfaginning, Grímnismál (49), Óđins nöfn (6), Karlevi Runestone
Vingnir   Swinger Óđins nöfn (5)
Vinr Lopts   Friend of Loptr  
Vinr Lóđurs   Friend of Lóđurr  
Vinr Míms   Friend of Mímir  
Vinr stalla   Friend of Altars  
Vófuđr   Dangler Óđins nöfn (5)
Völsi   Lingam  
Völundr rómu   Smith of Battle  
Yggr Ygg Terrible One Gylfaginning, Skáldskaparmál, Völuspá (28), Grímnismál (53, 54), Óđins nöfn (8)
Ýjungr, Ýrungr   Stormy or of the primal streams Óđins nöfn (8)

   Notes

  1. ^ Harrison, D. & Svensson, K. (2007). Vikingaliv Fälth & Hässler, Värnamo. ISBN 978-91-27-35725-9 p. 63
  2. ^ These names can have other meanings and uses, see translation by Hringari Ođinssen (2000).
  3. ^ The use of grimmR and the later form grim in the sense "lord" has only a few occurrences from Sweden. In extant Icelandic material grimmr only appears as an adjective with the meaning "heartless", "strict" and "wicked", which can be compared with the use of adjective gramr ("wrath") as a name for "lord", see Runic Dictionary Entry for grimmR at the runic dictionary of the university of Nottingham.
  4. ^ Finnur Jónsson (1926-28). Ordbog til de af samfund til udg. af gml. nord. litteratur udgivne rímur samt til de af Dr. O. Jiriczek udgivne bósarimur, pp. 51-51. Křbenhavn: J. Jřrgensen & Co.
  5. ^ Also the name of a river, one of the Élivágar.
  6. ^ Also the name of a mythological king of Sweden Fjölnir.
  7. ^ Also an assumed name used by Gylfi.
  8. ^ Also the name of a member of a defunct Scandinavian nation, one of the Geats.
  9. ^ Also the name of a Geatish king, Gizurr.
  10. ^ "Geldnir" in other manuscripts.
  11. ^ Also the name of a brother of Loki.
  12. ^ The meaning is disputed according to Lindow but Larrington gives the translation "Sage" in the Poetic Edda.
  13. ^ ed. Ţórhallur Vilmundarson/Bjarni Vilhjálmsson, Íslenzk fornrit 13, Reykjavík 1991, p. 163
  14. ^ ed. Guđni Jónsson, Fornaldar sögur Norđurlanda 2, Reykjavík 1954, pp. 279ff.
  15. ^ "Sidhofr" in other manuscripts.
  16. ^ In plural, sigtívar refers to the gods in many Eddic poems.
  17. ^ Also the name of a serpent found in the wellspring of Hvergelmir.
  18. ^ Also the name of one of the nine daughters of Ćgir.

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